Companies are required by legislation in countries such as Australia, to reduce risk to ‘As Low As Reasonably Practicable’ (ALARP)
This involves understanding the nature of the risk, the potential consequences to health and safety, options for mitigating the risk and the cost of those options. Companies with big budgets are therefore expected to manage risk more rigorously than your local business owner operating a mechanical workshop. Both have the same duty to prevent fatalities, injuries and illnesses.
Without a doubt, the Australian mining industry, where I’ve spent much of my career, has performed well over the last 10 years compared to other industries such as transport, warehousing, primary industries and construction. The figure below shows the fatality rates by industry for 2007 to 2016.
Whilst there are many big companies in the top three high fatality rate industries, there are also many smaller business owners operating as sub-contractors. It raises the question, ‘What’s missing?’ ‘What can be done?’
I believe it starts with empathy and understanding the mindset of sub-contractors. The issues for them include:
As a result, small business operators including those sub-contracting to big companies, are in a constant state of production pressure.
So how are these sub-contractors managed?
My observations are that the following structures and requirements are usually in place, for instance in construction:
When working for big businesses, standards are high but this doesn’t seem to have reached into the community at large. One of the reasons is that despite the checks and balances described above, there are gaps:
The language of safety says that the ‘Inherent Risk’ is before controls are in place.
After controls are implemented, the risk remaining is the ‘Residual Risk’. In ‘Productive Safety Management’ I referred to ‘Residual Risk’ as the ‘Inherent Danger’.
If we teach personnel, contractors and sub-contractors to recognize the danger and talk the language of ‘danger’, then we have a greater chance of reducing fatalities and serious injuries. This particularly important when workers are suffering from risk blindness to such danger because of production pressures.
For more information on ALIGN’s Risk Leadership Program and Consulting Services, contact firstname.lastname@example.org
ALIGN Risk Management specializes in Productive Safety Management. We believe HSEQ systems can be efficient, cost-effective and ensure continuity of production.
Tania Van der Stap, Founder and Principal Director of Align Risk Management
Tania Van der Stap is the Founder and Principal Director of Align Strategic Management Services Pty Ltd established in 2002, after having Productive Safety Management published internationally by Butterworth-Heinemann. The publication presents a strategic, multi-disciplinary management system for hazardous industries that ties safety and production together.
From 2002 to 2012, Tania provided HSE consulting services to Chevron’s Gorgon Project, Monadelphous, Baker Hughes, Fortescue Metals Group and Worley Parsons. Thereafter for 5 years, Tania took a HSE Manager’s role with AngloGold Ashanti Australia where she made significant improvements taking the department from ‘vulnerable’ to ‘proactive’ on the HSE journey.
In late 2016, her company was rebadged to Align Risk Management specialising in HSE Consu
lting and Risk Leadership Programs for managers, supervisors, HSE professionals and workers. Her chapter on ‘Risk Leadership – A Multi-Disciplinary Approach’ has been accepted by the American Society of Safety Professionals and will be published in Safety Leadership and Professional Development ahead of the ASSP’s 2018 Safety Conference.
In addition to Productive Safety Management being a substantial, refereed publication, Tania’s credentials include academic qualifications in Commerce and also Public Health and Safety.
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